It’s easy for IT professionals and amateurs to get overwhelmed with the various terminologies associated with domain names. The truth is that coming to terms with the meanings of these terms and using them appropriately is a key factor in building a successful online presence.
In this write-up, I’ll explain some key terms that you’re likely to encounter regularly in the industry
Key Domain Name Terms
Domain – A domain depicts your site’s web address and the unique name the visitors will use to search for your website online.
Domain Name – This is the address you type into a browser’s address bar to locate a particular website. An example of this is writingdoozy.com.
Subdomain – This is a subdivision of the primary domain name. An example of this is blog.friend.com.
Website – This is the whole collection of files stored on a user’s host server. The domain name identifies these files for visitors to view when they type the domain name into the browser.
IP Address – (Internet Protocol Address) this is a unique number given to every computer system connected to the internet. It allows information to be sent to and retrieved from these systems. The IP consists of the rules that govern the way information is shared on the web. Most importantly, every computer or web server requires an IP address to get access to the internet.
Domain Extension – A domain extension is a tag carried by all domains to identify the kind of website the domains represent.
We have generic top level and country-code top-level domains. Examples of each are outlined below.
1. Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD):
.COM – This is designed to be used by commercials oriented websites. However, it’s become widely used by both personal and business sites.
.NET – Intended for internet service and network providers, different categories of internet users are now using this extension.
.ORG- Originally designed for noncommercial organizations but now used by individuals and nonprofit entities.
.TV – This domain extension is allocated for online streaming of television contents, and it’s available for both private and public broadcasts.
2. Country-code Top-Level Domains (ccTLD)
.CA – Canadian citizens and organizations can have a global online presence with the “.CA” domain reserved for them.
.EU – This top-level domain is assigned to both private and public organizations in the European Union to promote their online presence.
Domain Registrar – This is an individual or a company that registered a domain name.
Domain Registrat – This is a company that manages domain name registration.
Domain Parking – This means registering a domain name without using it. It is often done to reserve it for future purpose.
Whois Privacy – This is a service offered by domain registrars to protect your details from the public. Whenever you opt for this service, the registrar will merely replace your information on the Whois with that of registrar’s contact information or that of forwarding services.